Wed 28 Aug 2013
Filed under: Inside Burma,News
The police force, which functions as the core authoritarian unit in civil administration has been criticized for failure to handle conflicts competently and decline in administrative service.
Retired Police Colonel Yar Lyan Mone who headed the Anti-human Trafficking Unit (ATU) reprimanded current leaders of the police force and said that policemen need Capacity Building trainings and workshops to enable them to handle conflict situations effectively.
“Conflict resolution calls for a lot of skills. One should develop the ability to control and manage conflicts. Policemen also need to have ‘mental strength’. The key is ‘training’. They need to be well trained to be ready at all times”, U Yar Lyan Mone told Mizzima.
U Nyunt Hlaing, (Retd) Police Deputy Colonel admitted that the quality of the police force is declining and stressed on the need for upgradation.
“The capacity of the police needs to be upgraded. It would be insulting if I say that their quality is poor. So, I would say they are ‘in need’ and therefore, we need to reform the force. They lack both metal and physical strength”, said U Nyunt Hlaing.
He added that the police are also facing a crucial problem of insufficient finances too. They do not even have sufficient facilities such as vehicles to go and investigate crime scenes.
“The police should also be well paid. It is said that the police in Singapore are not corrupted. They are not corrupted because they receive sufficient remuneration for their work. The police should be provided with sufficient facilities apart from salaries. Vehicles are indispensable to the police as they need fast and reliable transport to investigate crime scenes. Corruption would take place if policemen are forced to use personal means of transport”, he continued.
Many people have also commented on the manner in which the police handled the Lettpadaung protest that left hundreds of monks with burn injuries. Recent conflict also point towards the failure of the police to control and provide security to civilians in need.
The Lettpadaung Copper Mine Project Investigation Commission report in March pointed out the lack of qualified policemen. It recommended reformation of the police force and trainings for policemen.
MP Daw Lei Lei Win Swe from Tarmwe township, raised queries on skills level and salary of the police, situation of facilities they receive, provisions for policemen to attend capacity building workshops and the issue of policemen who have to pay for their uniforms themselves, at a meeting in the Lower Parliament Meeting on August 25.
She also questioned the use of excessive force by the police and prisoners being beaten in jail.
Chief of Police Kyaw Kyaw Tun, the Deputy Minister of Home Affairs replied to Daw Lei Lei Win Swe’s questions by stating that they have already provided uniforms for policemen in July 2012 and February 2013. On the issue of police beating prisoners, he said that the police force is being disciplined by Myanmar Police Force Maintenance of Discipline Law and By-laws.
U Kyaw Kyaw Tun replied that 1752 trainees attended the 24 local workshops for capacity building in 2013-2014 fiscal year and there are 2787 trainees who are attending workshops at present. They have also sent 52 trainees to the United States, China, India and Malaysia for international workshops. They also planned to send 11 trainees to two workshops in other foreign countries.