Ethnic party parliamentarians have been calling for a greater role in the peace process and should be important players once the political dialogue starts. However, recent research reveals that this new and important role they have played is now under threat. Ahead of the 2015 election, research was undertaken over five months to understand the role that ethnic parties play in Myanmar politics today, their views on the reform and peace processes, their thoughts about the ethnic armed groups, and the challenges they face in view of the polls. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with a total of 218 people at the headquarters of 36 parties in all ethnic states. The conversations revealed a complex yet vibrant ethnic political scene.